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[ANSWERED 2022] This week’s assignment is STEP 2 – Project Purpose Statement, Background & Significance and PICOt Formatted Clinical Project Question.

Part 2: Project Purpose Statement, Background and Significance and PICOT Paper

This week’s assignment is STEP 2 – Project Purpose Statement, Background & Significance and PICOt Formatted Clinical Project Question.

The student will answer the items below in a Word doc and submit to the assignment link.

  1. Provide a title that conveys or describes the assignment.
  2. Project Purpose Statement – Provide a declarative sentence or two which summarizes the specific topic and goals of the project.
  3. Background and Significance – State the importance of the problem and emphasize what is innovative about your proposed project. Discuss the potential impact of your project on your anticipated results to the betterment of health and/or health outcomes.
  4. PICOt formatted Clinical Project Questions – Provide the Population, Intervention, Comparison, Expected Outcomes and timeframe for the proposed project.
  5. References – Cite references using APA 7th ed format.

Expert Answer and Explanation

Increasing Vaccination Rate Among Adults Through Awareness Campaigns

Prevention is better than cure. Vaccination is crucial in children and adults because it helps prevent infections, diseases, and disabilities.  However, when it comes to vaccination and immunization among adults, vaccination is overlooked. Lack of information about the vaccines available for adults is a significant factor contributing to vaccine-preventable diseases. Failing to take vaccines contributes to a high incidence of preventable illnesses that contributes to high mortality rates, especially in patients with a weakened immune system. According to World Health Organization, about 50,000 adults die annually from vaccine-preventable diseases (Lu et al., 2017). The purpose of this paper is to evaluate practical ways of creating vaccination awareness among adults.

 Background and Significance

Vaccines are free and readily available in hospitals. If the adults embraced them for preventable diseases such as tetanus, influenza, polio, mumps, whooping cough, Hepatitis A and B, rubella, measles, diphtheria, and pneumococcal infections mortality rate could be reduced. The predisposing factors of these illnesses in adulthood are age, occupation, lifestyle, and health. Taking vaccines is a safe way of protecting one’s health and reducing health complications (Zheng et al., 2018). It also helps to prevent the spread of diseases from one person to another. Most adults are skeptical about vaccines and are hesitant to use them. Also, they lack a safe place where they can raise their concerns about vaccines. Having educative sessions for the public about vaccination can help change the attitude towards vaccines and increase responsiveness. As a result, many preventable diseases will no longer be a concern in society.

Providing accurate information about vaccines can improve people’s resilience towards vaccination. Addressing the public’s attitude towards vaccines can help to bring down all the myths about vaccines. If health care workers reinforce that immunization is one of the most acceptable health behavior, people will uphold it as a social norm. Social media is an effective tool because health workers can connect globally and conduct campaigns to stir adults to participate in vaccination (Navin et al., 2019). After creating awareness about vaccines, health practitioners should ensure that vaccines are available to all people without any barriers. Stock-outs should be replenished immediately to ensure no one is left out in the process.

Knowledge is power. Equipping people with knowledge about vaccines is one of the strides towards defeating some diseases. Also, addressing the mythical beliefs about vaccines can help to change the attitude toward vaccination. As a result, people will be aware of the vaccines available and their importance. Creating vaccine awareness among adults will increase the turnout of adults to take part in vaccinations (Ahmed et al., 2018). The aftermath will be a reduced number of vaccine-preventable diseases and a decline in deaths. There will also be a reduced economic burden as the number of illnesses reported in hospitals will decrease.

PICOt Analysis

Population/Patient

Although vaccines are available for both children and adults, many adults do participate in vaccination. As a result, many vaccine-preventable diseases occur in adults than children (Talbird et al., 2021). Most of the adults with vaccine-preventable illnesses are hospitalized due to health complications, and some eventually die. Taking vaccines helps to prevent such diseases from occurring. However, most adults are not well informed about the vaccines.

Interventions

Vaccine-preventable diseases are a global concern, and their impact is grave if no control measures are implemented. In this era, social media has made it possible to pass information across borders and instantly. If health workers joined together to hold campaigns about vaccination, this could bring more awareness among the adults. Also, it can provide an excellent avenue to address questions from the public about vaccination. Doing this will make adults more informed about the health choices they make.

Comparison

Vaccines are a significant breakthrough in the health sector. They help to prevent diseases by boosting the body’s defense system. However, the levels of vaccine-preventable diseases remain high and claim lives. Taking preventative measures against diseases would be an easier way than curing them. This logic shows that there is an information gap among adults concerning vaccines. If they were well informed and took the initiative to be vaccinated, there could b fewer cases of vaccine-preventable diseases.

Outcome

Carrying out vaccination campaigns by health workers portrays vaccination as an urgent and crucial activity, which is. People will be charged to take responsibility for their health and will, as a result, seek vaccination. This intervention will promote healthy choices, and the prevalence and deaths resulting from vaccine-preventable diseases will reduce.

Timeframe

A period of six months would be effective for the project. This time will be enough to carry out vaccination campaigns, set up vaccination centers, and collect data on the number of adults who respond to the vaccination call.

PICOt Question

For adults, does the use of vaccination awareness campaigns through social media increase the vaccination rate?

Conclusion

Vaccines are essential because they help to prevent diseases. However, many adults die from vaccine-preventable illnesses because they fail to take part in vaccination. Offering information about vaccines is a critical way that can increase the rate of vaccination among adults. Social media provides a good platform for health workers to reach out to people and educate them about vaccines. This intervention is crucial and can reduce the prevalence and the mortality of preventable diseases through vaccination.

References

Ahmed, N., Quinn, S. C., Hancock, G. R., Freimuth, V. S., & Jamison, A. (2018). Social media use and influenza vaccine uptake among White and African American adults. Vaccine36(49), 7556-7561. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2018.10.049

Lu, P. J., O’Halloran, A., Kennedy, E. D., Williams, W. W., Kim, D., Fiebelkorn, A. P., … & Bridges, C. B. (2017). Awareness among adults of vaccine-preventable diseases and recommended vaccinations, United States, 2015. Vaccine35(23), 3104-3115. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2017.04.028

Navin, M. C., Wasserman, J. A., Ahmad, M., & Bies, S. (2019). Vaccine education, reasons for refusal, and vaccination behavior. American journal of preventive medicine56(3), 359-367. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2018.10.024

Talbird, S. E., La, E. M., Carrico, J., Poston, S., Poirrier, J. E., DeMartino, J. K., & Hogea, C. S. (2021). Impact of population aging on the burden of vaccine-preventable diseases among older adults in the United States. Human vaccines & immunotherapeutics17(2), 332-343. https://doi.org/10.1080/21645515.2020.1780847

Zheng, Z., Diaz-Arévalo, D., Guan, H., & Zeng, M. (2018). Noninvasive vaccination against infectious diseases. Human vaccines & immunotherapeutics14(7), 1717-1733. https://doi.org/10.1080/21645515.2018.1461296

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