Last Updated on July 26, 2023 by Admin
Identify your specialty area of NP practice. Select a nursing theory, borrowed theory, or interdisciplinary theory provided in the lesson plan or one of your own findings
Identify your specialty area of NP practice. Select a nursing theory, borrowed theory, or interdisciplinary theory provided in the lesson plan or one of your own findings. Address the following:
- Meaning and scope
- Logical adequacy
- Usefulness and simplicity
Finally, provide an example how the theory could be used to improve or evaluate the quality of practice in your specific setting. What rationale can you provide that validates the theory as applicable to the role of the nurse practitioner.
Family Nurse Practitioner Nursing Theories
· American Association of Critical Care Nurses (AACN) Synergy Model for Patient Care
· Fawcett and Ellenbecker’s Conceptual Model of Nursing and Population Health (CMNPH)
Please answer each question. Use apa format and one of the following references as well as another that you find within the last 5 years.
Oberleitner, M. G. (2014). Theories, models, and frameworks from leadership and management. In M.McEwen & E. Willis (Eds.), Theoretical basis for nursing (4th ed.) (pp.354-385). Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins.
Parker, M. E., & Smith, M. C. (2015). Nursing theories and nursing practice (4th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: F. A. Davis Company.
Villarruel, A. M., Bishop, T. L., Simpson, E. M., Jemmott, L. S., & Fawcett, J. (2001). Borrowed theories, shared theories, and the advancement of nursing knowledge. Nursing Science Quarterly, 14(2), 158-163.
EXPERT ANSWER AND EXPLANATION
Person-Centered Care Nursing
In nursing care, there are different approaches that are meant to improve the productivity of the healthcare givers as well as the satisfaction of the nurses. Person-centeredness is a care standard in which patients or clients are made the center of care delivery (Bazzano, 2016). It ensures the fostering of healthy therapeutic relationships between care providers, patients, their families and other players in the well-being of the patient. Through this mode of care, there is efficient service provision that is achieved by fostering a culture of empowerment and practice development.
The person-centered nursing framework is traced back in the 1960s when psychologist Carl Rogers used a ‘person-centered’ approach in his psychotherapy works (Kittelson et al., 2019). Later on towards the end of the 20th century, nurses led by McCormack and McCance borrowed the concept and applied it in the nursing framework (Kittelson et al., 2019).
The common idea was the fact that the person administering care needs to show high levels of empathy by suspending judgment and showing a high level of appreciation for the perspective of the service user. Today, patients and their families have to be consulted over the appropriateness of the healthcare decisions that healthcare givers have to make regarding their health.
Meaning and Scope
Person-centered framework entails the fundamental concept of incorporating the decisions of both the healthcare givers and the clients in the nursing continuum. It focuses on re-defining the relationship between patients and healthcare teams and professionals. There are different challenges that are encountered when implementing this care model, but all in all, it appears in a modest of growing services and shows relatively positive outcomes.
Logically, person-centered care is among the most efficient modes of care, where patients and their families are allowed to take part in the fundamental health of the patient. On the other hand, it beats a lot of logic when person-centered care is emphasized too much, especially in cases where there are dilemmas as to whether the nurses should follow the wishes of the patient or to follow the strict contrasting healthcare guidelines (Kittelson et al., 2019). In such cases, it is more appropriate to pick on the ethical principles that ensures the overall good of the patient.
Usefulness and Simplicity
The person-centered care approach is useful in that it allows patients to have the perception that they are equally responsible for working out solutions towards their well-being. It is also simple enough in that nurses have a special guideline through which they reach a common consensus with the patients (and their families) over the decisions made to improve their health.
The care framework is easily generalizable in that it can be applied by anyone who has basic nursing knowledge, even those with only a baccalaureate degree (Murphy & Joseph, 2016). Concepts of the framework are also easy to acquire and practice with a high degree of accuracy.
Testing the framework is one of the primary goals of improving nursing care, where the method has to be tested from time to time and improved to ensure more efficiency (Carruth & Field, 2016). Unlike other nursing frameworks, assessment of this framework entails the participation of all stakeholders in the patient’s health, including the patients themselves as well as their families.
The person-centered nursing framework is a recent concept in nursing that allows nurses and other healthcare givers to actively engage the patients in healthcare provision by ensuring that they reach out for the needs of the patient by actively involving them in care provision. It originated from psychologists’ work in the 60s, and was carried on to be included in the nursing framework. The method is easily generalizable, testable, and allows for active changes in the delivery of nursing care.
Bazzano, M. (2016). The conservative turn in person-centered therapy. Person-Centered & Experiential Psychotherapies, 15(4), 339-355.
Carruth, E., & Field, T. (2016). Person-Centered Approaches: Providing Social and Emotional Support for Adult Learners. In Supporting the Success of Adult and Online Students. Create Space.
Kittelson, A. J., Hoogeboom, T. J., Schenkman, M., Stevens-Lapsley, J. E., & van Meeteren, N. L. (2019). Person-Centered Care and Physical Therapy: A “People-Like-Me” Approach. Physical therapy.
Murphy, D., & Joseph, S. (2016). Person-centered therapy: Past, present, and future orientations.
Other Solved Questions:
Logical Adequacy of Person-Centered Nursing Framework
In the realm of modern healthcare, patient-centered approaches have gained immense significance. Among these approaches, the person-centered nursing framework stands out as a profound and compassionate approach to healthcare delivery. This article explores the logical adequacy of the person-centered nursing framework, highlighting its core principles, implementation, advantages, and ethical considerations. By adopting a patient-centric perspective, healthcare providers can offer personalized care, fostering a strong patient-provider relationship based on mutual respect and understanding.
Understanding Person-Centered Nursing
At the heart of person-centered nursing lies the recognition that each patient is unique and possesses individual needs and preferences. The approach emphasizes treating patients holistically, acknowledging their physical, emotional, and psychological well-being. By engaging patients in their care plans, healthcare providers can better understand their concerns, values, and goals. This collaborative partnership empowers patients and can lead to improved treatment outcomes.
The Role of Logical Adequacy
For any healthcare framework to be effective, it must be logically adequate. Logical adequacy ensures that the principles and practices within the person-centered nursing approach align with the objectives of providing high-quality care. A logically adequate framework enables healthcare providers to make consistent decisions that are in line with the patient’s best interests. Moreover, it facilitates effective communication among the care team, fostering a seamless exchange of information and ideas.
Implementing the Person-Centered Nursing Framework
To embrace the person-centered nursing approach fully, healthcare professionals require appropriate training and education. Implementing the framework may pose challenges, such as time constraints and resistance to change. However, with adequate support and resources, healthcare organizations can successfully transition to this patient-centric approach, reaping the benefits of improved patient satisfaction and healthcare outcomes.
Evaluating the Effectiveness of the Framework
To gauge the success of the person-centered nursing approach, it is essential to evaluate its impact. One way is to measure patient satisfaction with the care they receive. A positive patient experience indicates that the framework is resonating with patients’ needs and expectations. Additionally, healthcare outcomes can be assessed to determine if the approach leads to better patient health and well-being.
Ethical Considerations in Person-Centered Nursing
Ethics play a pivotal role in person-centered nursing. Respecting patient autonomy and privacy is fundamental to this approach. Healthcare providers must ensure that patients are actively involved in decisions regarding their care, giving informed consent whenever possible. Shared decision-making, where patients and healthcare providers collaboratively determine treatment plans, fosters trust and strengthens the patient-provider relationship.
Person-Centered Nursing and Technology
Integrating technology into the person-centered nursing framework can enhance patient care while maintaining human connection. Technological innovations can streamline processes, allowing healthcare providers to focus more on direct patient interaction. However, it is crucial to strike a balance and ensure that technology does not replace the empathetic and compassionate care that defines person-centered nursing.
Advantages and Limitations of the Person-Centered Approach
The person-centered nursing approach offers numerous advantages, such as empowering patients to actively participate in their care. Patients who feel valued and respected are more likely to adhere to treatment plans, leading to better health outcomes. However, some challenges, such as time constraints and resource limitations, may hinder the full implementation of the approach.
A Holistic View of Healthcare
Person-centered nursing aligns with the concept of holistic healthcare, which recognizes that physical health is interconnected with emotional and psychological well-being. By addressing patients’ diverse needs, healthcare providers can foster comprehensive healing and support.
Person-Centered Nursing and Interprofessional Collaboration
Collaboration among healthcare professionals is essential for successful patient-centered care. By working together, professionals from different disciplines can pool their expertise and provide well-rounded care that addresses all aspects of a patient’s health.
The Future of Person-Centered Nursing
As healthcare continues to evolve, person-centered nursing will likely remain a cornerstone of patient care. Innovations in technology, research, and education will contribute to its continued growth and refinement, ensuring that patients receive the compassionate and personalized care they deserve.
The logical adequacy of the person-centered nursing framework reinforces its value in contemporary healthcare settings. By prioritizing the needs, preferences, and values of individual patients, this approach has the potential to revolutionize the healthcare experience. Embracing person-centered nursing not only enhances patient outcomes but also strengthens the patient-provider relationship, promoting a more compassionate and empathetic healthcare system.
- What is person-centered nursing? Person-centered nursing is an approach to healthcare that prioritizes the individual needs and preferences of each patient, emphasizing collaboration between patients and healthcare providers in the decision-making process.
- How does person-centered nursing benefit patients? Person-centered nursing empowers patients, improves patient satisfaction, and enhances treatment outcomes by considering the patient’s unique circumstances and fostering a collaborative care environment.
- What role does technology play in person-centered nursing? Technology can streamline healthcare processes and improve patient care, but it should complement rather than replace the compassionate and human-centric aspects of person-centered nursing.
- What are the ethical considerations in person-centered nursing? Ethical considerations in person-centered nursing include respecting patient autonomy, ensuring informed consent, and promoting shared decision-making between patients and healthcare providers.
- How will person-centered nursing evolve in the future? Person-centered nursing will likely continue to grow and evolve with advancements in technology, research, and interprofessional collaboration, ensuring that patients receive the best possible care.
What are interdisciplinary theories in nursing practice?
In the dynamic and complex field of nursing practice, it is crucial to embrace various approaches that can effectively address the diverse healthcare needs of patients. Interdisciplinary theories play a pivotal role in enhancing the overall quality of nursing care by integrating knowledge from different disciplines. This article explores the significance of interdisciplinary theories in nursing practice and sheds light on some of the key theories that have a profound impact on patient outcomes.
Understanding Interdisciplinary Theories in Nursing Practice
2.1 Definition and Concept of Interdisciplinary Theories
Interdisciplinary theories refer to a comprehensive framework that combines principles, concepts, and methods from multiple disciplines to create a holistic approach to patient care. In the context of nursing practice, these theories recognize that healthcare challenges often demand solutions that go beyond a single discipline.
2.2 Importance of Interdisciplinary Theories in Nursing
Interdisciplinary theories hold immense importance in nursing practice due to their ability to bridge the gaps between different disciplines and foster a more comprehensive understanding of patient needs. By integrating diverse perspectives, nurses can make well-informed decisions and provide patient-centered care.
3.3 Transcultural Nursing Theory
In an increasingly diverse world, transcultural nursing theory recognizes the impact of cultural beliefs and practices on patient care. By understanding cultural nuances, nurses can deliver culturally sensitive and competent care.
3.4 Self-Care Deficit Nursing Theory
Developed by Dorothea Orem, this theory emphasizes the importance of patients taking an active role in their own self-care. Nurses work with patients to assess their abilities and provide necessary support, enabling them to regain or maintain their health autonomously.
3.5 Nursing Informatics Theory
Nursing informatics theory explores the integration of technology and nursing practice. By effectively utilizing healthcare technology and data, nurses can improve patient outcomes and streamline healthcare processes.
3.6 Chaos Theory in Nursing
Chaos theory acknowledges the inherent complexity in healthcare systems and the non-linear nature of patient outcomes. Nurses using this theory appreciate the unpredictable nature of healthcare and develop adaptive strategies to respond to unexpected challenges.
Integration of Interdisciplinary Theories into Nursing Practice
4.1 Benefits and Challenges
The integration of interdisciplinary theories brings numerous benefits, such as enhanced patient outcomes, improved communication among healthcare professionals, and a deeper understanding of patient needs. However, challenges may arise due to differences in terminology, varying viewpoints, and potential resistance to change.
4.2 Strategies for Successful Integration
To successfully integrate interdisciplinary theories into nursing practice, fostering open communication, promoting a culture of collaboration, and providing ongoing training and education are essential. Moreover, nursing leaders must champion the value of interdisciplinary approaches.
Interdisciplinary Collaboration in Healthcare Settings
5.1 Teamwork and Communication
Interdisciplinary collaboration relies heavily on effective teamwork and communication. When healthcare professionals from various disciplines work together seamlessly, the quality of patient care improves significantly.
5.2 Case Studies of Successful Collaborations
The article showcases real-world case studies where interdisciplinary collaboration led to remarkable improvements in patient outcomes and healthcare efficiency.
The Future of Interdisciplinary Theories in Nursing
As healthcare evolves, the integration of interdisciplinary theories will continue to shape the future of nursing practice. Embracing interdisciplinary approaches will be crucial for addressing emerging healthcare challenges and delivering patient-centered care.
In conclusion, interdisciplinary theories in nursing practice offer a powerful framework for delivering comprehensive and patient-centered care. By combining insights from various disciplines, nurses can better understand patient needs, improve healthcare outcomes, and navigate the complexities of the modern healthcare landscape.
Q1: Are interdisciplinary theories only applicable to nursing?
A1: No, interdisciplinary theories can be applied across various fields to address complex challenges effectively.
Q2: How can nurses overcome resistance to interdisciplinary approaches?
A2: Nurses can overcome resistance by promoting the benefits of interdisciplinary collaboration, providing training, and highlighting successful case studies.
Q3: Can interdisciplinary theories be utilized in rural healthcare settings?
A3: Absolutely, interdisciplinary theories can be adapted to suit the needs of patients in diverse healthcare settings, including rural areas.
Q4: Is chaos theory applicable to all patient care scenarios?
A4: While chaos theory offers valuable insights, it may not be applicable in every patient care scenario, as some cases may follow predictable patterns.
Q5: How can nurses keep themselves updated with the latest interdisciplinary research?
A5: Nurses can attend conferences, participate in workshops, and access reputable academic journals to stay informed about the latest interdisciplinary research.
Major Nursing Theories Used for Nursing Practice
Nursing theories form the foundation of nursing practice, providing nurses with valuable frameworks to understand and approach patient care. These theories encompass a wide range of concepts, from the patient’s physical needs to their emotional and social well-being. In this article, we will explore some of the major nursing theories that are widely used in nursing practice, guiding nurses to deliver effective and patient-centered care.
1. Florence Nightingale’s Environmental Theory
One of the most influential nursing theories, Florence Nightingale’s Environmental Theory, emphasizes the impact of the environment on patient health and recovery. Nightingale believed that a clean, well-ventilated, and peaceful environment was crucial for healing. Nurses following this theory focus on creating conducive surroundings for patients, promoting a sense of calm and aiding the healing process.
2. Virginia Henderson’s Definition of Nursing
Virginia Henderson’s theory defines nursing as helping patients achieve independence in performing activities that contribute to health or its recovery. Her 14 basic needs for patients encompass physical, emotional, and social aspects, guiding nurses to assist patients in meeting these needs to attain overall well-being.
3. Jean Watson’s Theory of Human Caring
Jean Watson’s Theory of Human Caring centers on the significance of the nurse-patient relationship. This theory emphasizes the importance of compassion, empathy, and genuine care in nursing practice. Nurses who apply this theory focus on understanding the patient’s unique experiences and providing care that honors their dignity and humanity.
4. Dorothea Orem’s Self-Care Deficit Nursing Theory
Dorothea Orem’s theory places emphasis on the patient’s ability to perform self-care. According to this theory, nurses must assess the patient’s self-care abilities and provide appropriate support to address any self-care deficits. The goal is to empower patients to manage their health and well-being autonomously.
5. Betty Neuman’s Systems Model
Betty Neuman’s Systems Model views patients as dynamic systems constantly interacting with their environment. Nurses using this theory assess the patient’s responses to stressors and intervene to maintain a stable balance in their health. Neuman’s model takes into account physiological, psychological, and social factors impacting the patient’s well-being.
6. Madeleine Leininger’s Transcultural Nursing Theory
In an increasingly diverse world, Madeleine Leininger’s Transcultural Nursing Theory recognizes the importance of cultural competence in nursing practice. Nurses using this theory respect and incorporate the patient’s cultural beliefs and practices into their care, ensuring culturally sensitive and effective interventions.
7. Hildegard Peplau’s Interpersonal Relations Theory
Hildegard Peplau’s theory focuses on the nurse-patient relationship and its therapeutic potential. The theory outlines phases of the nurse-patient interaction, guiding nurses to establish rapport, facilitate communication, and promote patient growth and well-being through the therapeutic relationship.
8. Callista Roy’s Adaptation Model
Callista Roy’s Adaptation Model proposes that patients are biopsychosocial beings striving to maintain balance. Nurses using this model assess how patients adapt to their environment and implement interventions to support their adaptive abilities and promote health.
9. Imogene King’s Goal Attainment Theory
Imogene King’s theory centers on the nurse and patient working together to set mutual goals for patient care. The nurse assists the patient in achieving these goals, fostering a collaborative and patient-centered approach to nursing practice.
10. Martha Rogers’ Science of Unitary Human Beings
Martha Rogers’ theory views the human being as an irreducible, indivisible whole, connected with the environment. Nurses following this theory seek patterns in the patient’s behaviors and experiences to understand their health needs fully.
These nursing theories, among others, provide valuable insights and frameworks for nursing practice, guiding nurses to deliver exceptional care that considers the holistic needs of patients. By embracing these theories, nurses can enhance patient outcomes, promote well-being, and contribute to the advancement of nursing as a profession.
How to Choose a Nursing Theory
Selecting the right nursing theory is a critical step for nurses to provide effective and patient-centered care. With numerous nursing theories available, each offering unique perspectives and approaches, choosing the most suitable one can be a daunting task. This article outlines key factors to consider when selecting a nursing theory that aligns with your nursing practice and enhances the quality of patient care.
1. Understand Your Nursing Philosophy and Values
Before delving into various nursing theories, take time to reflect on your nursing philosophy and personal values. Consider what aspects of patient care are most important to you and the principles that guide your nursing practice. Are you more focused on holistic care, patient empowerment, or the nurse-patient relationship? Understanding your own beliefs will help you identify theories that resonate with your nursing approach.
2. Assess the Needs of Your Patient Population
Different nursing theories cater to varying patient populations and healthcare settings. Consider the demographics and unique needs of the patients you serve. Are they predominantly elderly, pediatric, or diverse in cultural backgrounds? Some theories, like Madeleine Leininger’s Transcultural Nursing Theory, emphasize cultural competence, while others may be more relevant to specific age groups or health conditions. Choose a theory that best addresses the needs of your patients.
3. Review the Theoretical Framework
Familiarize yourself with the theoretical framework of each nursing theory you are considering. Evaluate the key concepts, assumptions, and principles that underpin the theory. Determine whether the theory aligns with evidence-based practice and complements your understanding of nursing and patient care.
4. Consider Practical Applicability
Practical applicability is crucial when choosing a nursing theory. Assess how easily you can integrate the theory into your daily nursing practice. Will it enhance your assessment, planning, and intervention processes? Ensure that the theory’s implementation is feasible and enhances the quality of patient care.
5. Analyze Compatibility with Your Healthcare Setting
The nursing theory you choose should be compatible with the healthcare setting in which you work. Different theories may be more suitable for acute care, community health, mental health, or specialized settings. Consider how the theory aligns with the resources, protocols, and interdisciplinary collaboration within your healthcare environment.
6. Explore the Theory’s Evidence Base
Examine the empirical evidence supporting the nursing theory you are interested in. Research studies, scholarly articles, and practical applications can provide insights into the theory’s effectiveness and relevance to nursing practice. Choose theories that have a solid evidence base and are supported by nursing research.
7. Seek Mentorship and Professional Input
Discuss your options with experienced nursing mentors or colleagues. Seek their advice and insights on different nursing theories and how they might fit with your nursing practice. Engaging in professional discussions can offer valuable perspectives and help you make an informed decision.
8. Be Open to Evolution and Growth
Nursing practice evolves over time, and so might your chosen nursing theory. Be open to exploring new theories and integrating different perspectives into your practice as you gain experience and encounter diverse patient scenarios. Continuous learning and adaptation are essential for providing the best possible patient care.
In conclusion, choosing a nursing theory requires thoughtful consideration of your nursing philosophy, patient needs, practicality, theoretical framework, healthcare setting, evidence base, and professional input. By selecting a theory that aligns with your values and enhances your nursing practice, you can contribute to better patient outcomes and the advancement of the nursing profession.
Examples of Nursing Theory in Practice
Nursing theories play a crucial role in guiding and shaping nursing practice, providing nurses with valuable frameworks to deliver effective and patient-centered care. These theories encompass various aspects of patient care, from understanding patient needs to promoting holistic well-being. In this article, we will explore examples of nursing theories in practice and how they are applied to enhance patient outcomes.
1. Florence Nightingale’s Environmental Theory
Florence Nightingale’s Environmental Theory is one of the earliest and most influential nursing theories still relevant in practice today. This theory emphasizes the significance of a patient’s environment in promoting healing and recovery. Nurses apply this theory by creating a clean, comfortable, and peaceful environment for patients, promoting health and facilitating the healing process.
2. Jean Watson’s Theory of Human Caring
Jean Watson’s Theory of Human Caring focuses on the therapeutic nurse-patient relationship and the importance of caring behaviors in nursing practice. Nurses who embrace this theory prioritize compassion, empathy, and understanding in their interactions with patients. They create a caring and supportive environment, which fosters healing and promotes the overall well-being of patients.
3. Dorothea Orem’s Self-Care Deficit Nursing Theory
Dorothea Orem’s theory centers on the patient’s ability to perform self-care activities. Nurses applying this theory assess the patient’s self-care abilities and provide assistance when patients are unable to meet their self-care needs. The goal is to empower patients to manage their health independently and develop self-care skills.
4. Madeleine Leininger’s Transcultural Nursing Theory
In an increasingly diverse world, Madeleine Leininger’s Transcultural Nursing Theory is highly relevant in nursing practice. This theory emphasizes cultural competence and understanding the influence of culture on patient care. Nurses use this theory to provide culturally sensitive care, respecting patients’ cultural beliefs, practices, and values.
5. Betty Neuman’s Systems Model
Betty Neuman’s Systems Model views patients as dynamic systems interacting with their environment. Nurses applying this theory assess the patient’s responses to stressors and implement interventions to maintain the patient’s stability and well-being. The goal is to help patients achieve a state of balance and optimal health.
6. Hildegard Peplau’s Interpersonal Relations Theory
Hildegard Peplau’s Interpersonal Relations Theory focuses on the nurse-patient relationship as a therapeutic tool. Nurses utilizing this theory establish rapport, engage in therapeutic communication, and promote patient growth and well-being through the nurse-patient interaction.
7. Martha Rogers’ Science of Unitary Human Beings
Martha Rogers’ theory views the human being as an irreducible, indivisible whole, interacting with the environment. Nurses who apply this theory seek to identify patterns in the patient’s behaviors and experiences, gaining insights into their health needs and promoting well-being.
8. Callista Roy’s Adaptation Model
Callista Roy’s Adaptation Model emphasizes patient adaptation to the environment. Nurses using this theory assess how patients respond to stressors and implement interventions to support their adaptive abilities and maintain health.
9. Imogene King’s Goal Attainment Theory
Imogene King’s theory focuses on the nurse and patient working collaboratively to set and achieve mutual goals. Nurses help patients attain these goals, fostering a patient-centered approach to care.
10. Patricia Benner’s Novice to Expert Model
Patricia Benner’s model explores the development of nursing skills and knowledge from novice to expert. Nurses use this model to understand their own growth and expertise in nursing practice, enabling them to provide more advanced and specialized care.