ANSWERED!! Describe measures that you would take as a nurse to assist clients with health promotion measures to incorporate exercise and physical activity into their lives

Last Updated on February 23, 2023 by Admin

Describe measures that you would take as a nurse to assist clients with health promotion measures to incorporate exercise and physical activity into their lives

Describe measures that you would take as a nurse to assist clients with health promotion measures to incorporate exercise and physical activity into their lives

For the middle-aged adult, exercise can reduce the risk of various health problems. Choose two at-risk health issues that regular physical exercise and activity can help prevent and manage. Discuss the prevalence of each of these health problems in society today. Describe measures that you would take as a nurse to assist clients with health promotion measures to incorporate exercise and physical activity into their lives. Include the kind of activities you would recommend, the amount of exercise, and the approach you would use to gain cooperation from the client. Support your response with evidence-based literature.

Expert Answer and Explanation

Health Management through Physiotherapy

The contemporary clinical solutions to the health issues such as type-2 diabetes and coronary heart disease (CHD) rely on the physical exercise to advance the disease management and prevention objectives. According to the statistical estimates conducted in 2015, the United States (U.S.) had 30.3 million cases of diabetes mellitus (Bullard et al., 2018).

Because factors such as age and economic status predisposes one to the risk of contracting this disease, these cases are highly spread in older adults as well as in economically-disadvantaged populations. This is the same case with the CHD which predominantly affects older Americans (Sanchis-Gomar et al., 2016). Based on the 2016 statistical approximation, the disease affected 15.5 million Americans, aged 20 and above.

Another characteristics that is noticeable with the two diseases is their distribution with respect to the race and ethnicities. Minority populations’ risk of contracting either of these disease is higher than the risk in the white populations.

Considering the benefits associated with the physiotherapy, it is imperative that caregivers guide patients through the process of incorporating exercise into their. To realize this goal as a nurse, it is important to focus on educating the patient on certain aspects of the physical activities which can help them manage diabetes as well as CHD.

The first step in the educational process is to assess whether the patient practices any form of physical exercise, and follow this with explaining to the patient the benefit of this form of activity (Tuso, 2015). Encouraging the patient to actively participate in activities such as walking or doing light jogging every day of the week, for 30 minutes, is important to the health promotion.

If possible, involving the family members of the patient can be important in the sense that it helps provide the patient the support they need to adhere to the physiotherapy regimen. The involvement of the family can also help gain cooperation from the client.


Bullard, K. M., Cowie, C. C., Lessem, S. E., Saydah, S. H., Menke, A., Geiss, L. S., … Imperatore, G. (2018). Prevalence of Diagnosed Diabetes in Adults by Diabetes Type – United States, 2016. MMWR. Morbidity and mortality weekly report67(12), 359–361. doi:10.15585/mmwr.mm6712a2.

Sanchis-Gomar, F., Perez-Quilis, C., Leischik, R., & Lucia, A. (2016). Epidemiology of coronary heart disease and acute coronary syndrome. Annals of translational medicine4(13), 256. doi:10.21037/atm.2016.06.33.

Tuso P. (2015). Strategies to Increase Physical Activity. The Permanente journal19(4), 84–88. doi:10.7812/TPP/14-242.

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Nursing interventions to promote physical activity

Physical activity is an important aspect of maintaining good health and preventing chronic diseases. Nurses can play a key role in promoting physical activity among their patients. Here are some nursing interventions that can help promote physical activity:

  1. Education: Nurses can educate patients about the benefits of physical activity, such as reducing the risk of chronic diseases like heart disease, diabetes, and obesity. They can also provide information on different types of physical activities that patients can engage in, such as walking, cycling, swimming, and strength training.
  2. Assessment: Nurses can assess patients’ current level of physical activity and help identify any barriers that may be preventing them from being more physically active. This may include factors such as lack of time, access to safe and affordable exercise facilities, or physical limitations.
  3. Goal-setting: Nurses can work with patients to set realistic goals for physical activity and help develop a plan to achieve those goals. They can also help patients track their progress over time and make adjustments to their plan as needed.
  4. Encouragement: Nurses can provide encouragement and support to patients as they work towards their physical activity goals. This may include providing positive feedback, celebrating successes, and helping patients problem-solve any challenges that arise.
  5. Referral: In some cases, nurses may need to refer patients to other healthcare professionals or community resources that can provide additional support for physical activity. For example, a nurse may refer a patient to a physical therapist for rehabilitation after an injury, or to a community-based exercise program that is tailored to their specific needs.

By implementing these nursing interventions, nurses can help promote physical activity among their patients, which can lead to improved health outcomes and a better quality of life.

How to promote physical fitness in community

Promoting physical fitness in the community is an important step towards improving the overall health and well-being of community members. Here are some ways to promote physical fitness in the community:

  1. Community events: Organize community events that promote physical activity, such as fun runs, walks, or cycling events. These events can bring community members together and encourage them to participate in physical activity.
  2. Exercise classes: Offer exercise classes in the community, such as yoga, Pilates, or dance classes. These classes can be tailored to different age groups and fitness levels, and can be offered at local community centers, parks, or schools.
  3. Community gardens: Encourage the development of community gardens, where community members can grow their own fruits and vegetables. Gardening can be a form of physical activity and can promote healthy eating habits.
  4. Walking and biking infrastructure: Advocate for the development of safe walking and biking infrastructure, such as sidewalks, bike lanes, and trails. These infrastructure improvements can encourage community members to walk or bike to work or for leisure, and can help promote physical activity.
  5. Workplace wellness programs: Work with local businesses and organizations to develop workplace wellness programs that promote physical activity. These programs can include fitness challenges, group exercise classes, or incentives for employees who participate in physical activity.
  6. Health education programs: Develop health education programs that focus on the importance of physical activity for overall health and well-being. These programs can be offered in schools, community centers, or through local healthcare providers.

By promoting physical fitness in the community, we can help improve the health and well-being of community members and reduce the risk of chronic diseases.

5 ways to maintain and promote physical fitness

Maintaining and promoting physical fitness is important for overall health and well-being. Here are five ways to maintain and promote physical fitness:

  1. Regular exercise: Regular exercise is one of the most important ways to maintain and promote physical fitness. The American Heart Association recommends at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise or 75 minutes of vigorous-intensity aerobic exercise per week, along with muscle-strengthening activities at least two days per week.
  2. Healthy diet: A healthy diet that is rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and healthy fats can provide the nutrients needed to support physical fitness. It is important to avoid processed and high-fat foods that can contribute to weight gain and chronic disease.
  3. Adequate sleep: Adequate sleep is important for physical fitness, as it allows the body to recover and repair from exercise. Adults should aim for 7-9 hours of sleep per night.
  4. Stress management: Chronic stress can have negative effects on physical fitness. Incorporating stress management techniques such as meditation, yoga, or deep breathing can help promote physical fitness and overall health.
  5. Social support: Social support can be important for maintaining physical fitness. Joining a group exercise class, finding a workout buddy, or participating in team sports can provide motivation and accountability for maintaining physical activity.

By incorporating these five strategies into daily life, individuals can maintain and promote physical fitness, which can lead to improved health outcomes and a better quality of life.

Mrs. J. is a 63-year-old married woman who has a history of hypertension, chronic heart failure, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

How to promote physical activity in schools

Promoting physical activity in schools is important for the physical, emotional, and social well-being of students. Here are some ways to promote physical activity in schools:

  1. Physical education classes: Physical education (PE) classes should be a mandatory part of the school curriculum. PE classes should provide opportunities for students to engage in physical activity and learn about the importance of regular exercise.
  2. Active school day: Encourage physical activity throughout the school day, such as incorporating physical activity breaks between classes, or offering active recess periods that allow students to engage in games and sports.
  3. School sports teams: Offer a variety of sports teams that students can participate in, both competitively and recreationally. This can include traditional team sports such as soccer and basketball, as well as individual activities such as track and field or cross-country running.
  4. Active transportation: Encourage students to use active transportation, such as walking or biking, to get to and from school. This can be accomplished by providing safe routes to school, bike racks, or organizing walking or biking groups.
  5. Health education: Incorporate health education into the school curriculum that emphasizes the importance of physical activity and the benefits of an active lifestyle.
  6. Community partnerships: Partner with local community organizations and recreation centers to provide after-school physical activity programs that students can participate in.

By promoting physical activity in schools, we can help instill healthy habits in children and adolescents that can last a lifetime.

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