Write a response to each of the following questions between 260 to 350 words from Ethics in Accounting: A Decision-Making Approach.
- Chapter 14, Exercise 19
- Chapter 14, Exercise 20
- You are a licensed CPA who is a member of both the AICPA and the Oregon Society of CPAs. You work in the Tax Compliance Department of a major publicly traded supermarket chain. The company is considering whether to claim a deduction for food donated to various homeless shelters. According to Internal Revenue Code Section 170(b), “in the case of a corporation, the total deductions under subsection (a) for any taxable year shall not exceed 10 percent of the taxpayer’s taxable income,” computed without regard to certain deductions. Based on your calculations, your employer has already exceeded this limit and cannot claim any deduction for the donated food if it considers the donation to be a charitable contribution. However, this donation earns the company positive news coverage and publicity. As a result, several of your colleagues believe that a full deduction may be claimed under the Tax Code’s provisions that allow ordinary and necessary business expenses, such as marketing and advertising, to be claimed. Your supervisor has asked you to assume that this deduction will save your company $1 million in taxes if it not disallowed by the IRS. You also have been asked to assume that the chance of this item being challenged by the IRS if the company places it on its tax return is 1 in 10, and the probability of the company successfully persuading the IRS about the correctness of its tax position is about 2 in 10. If challenged and your company fails to persuade the IRS that your claimed deduction is allowable, the penalty will be $10 million, on average. Your client is not willing to call attention to this tax position by making any special tax return disclosures.
- Are you personally obligated to abide by the AICPA’s Statement of Standards for Tax Services, even though you do not work in public practice?
- Assume that you are not bound by the AICPA Standards. Would it be a rational economic decision for your client to claim these food donations as fully deductible under the Tax Code’s ordinary and necessary rules?
- Assume that you are bound by the AICPA Standards. Can you advise your client to claim these food donations as an ordinary and necessary expense?
- Could your client claim this deduction if it was willing to make explicit disclosures about this deduction and attach that disclosure to its tax return?
- Joe Bettalia, a general contractor, has struggled in recent years due to a downturn in the construction market in his region of the country. During the past two years, Joe has failed to file tax returns. He now has come to your office and asked you to file a tax return for the current year. You have agreed to do so. Joe also made an unusual request. He has asked you to deliberately overstate his income and tax liability on this year’s return. When you expressed surprise at his request, he told you that “he feels guilty about not having filed with the government” in recent years. Also, he told you that his father never has “shown him much respect,” so he wants to leave a tax return that shows high income around the house, where his father will see it. “That way, my Dad will think I’m a success and show me at least some of the respect that I’m owed.”
- May you intentionally prepare a tax return for Joe that overstates his income and related tax liability?
Cite your research from the text and any additional professional or regulatory guidance and format your response consistent with APA guidelines.
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